Prior to an individual taking the key step of planning to make a behavior change to promote their healthfulness, it can be helpful for them to consider the benefits and costs of changing and not changing. For each relevant behavior, the individual can also determine if the benefit or cost of making the change is returned on a short term or long term basis. This process helps the individual to establish the relative tradeoffs associated with deciding to change or to continue with specific health related behaviors.
Source: Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 35. Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. Rockville (MD): Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US); 1999. Web Link